Church and State relations: the story of Bophuthatswana and its independence from 1977 to 1994
A dissertation submitted in accordance with the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Theology in the subject History at the University of South Africa. Abstract: This thesis is about the relationship between State and Church, taking note of the alternative relations which existed over the ages. The government of Bophuthatswana declared their state to be Christian. The main emphasis was that the Batswana were religious people who were deeply Christian and thus the state was to become Christian as well. This was not separated from the issue of land which is also seen as a gift from God for them. Winterveld was used as a case study to show how the state was justifying its own actions to discriminate against non-Batswana from obtaining citizenship and denying them access to land. The transition period showed that the church stood on the other side of the fence when it supported changes that were sweeping South Africa and calling for the end of states such as Bophuthatswana. This saw the new secular state of South Africa coming into existence.