A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the degree of Master of Arts in the Department of Political Studies, University of Natal, Pietermaritzburg. This study is a critical exploration of the ideas of the South African Communist Party (SACP). The thesis focuses on four major political questions that have confronted the party in the period 1962 to 1990. Firstly it investigates the organisational form of the SACP and the politics that govern its organisational structure. Secondly the thesis focuses on the SACP's theory of the South African revolution. Thirdly it discusses the SACP's strategies and strategic perspectives in the South African revolution. Finally it explains the SACP's current attempts to restructure its theory and practice.