Oral interview, conducted in Mafeteng, with Ashby Peter Solomzi "A. P." Mda (1916-1993) who grew up in the Herschel district of the Transkei. He was prominent among the founders of the ANC Youth League in 1943-44, and served as its president after the death of Anton Lembede in 1947. He opposed the influence of the Communist Party and became a partisan of the Africanist movement within the ANC. He worked as a teacher while qualifying as a lawyer. Avoiding a police dragnet in April 1963, he fled to Basutoland (later Lesotho), where he established a law practice in Mafeteng.