Mkhafuleni Khumalo

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Friends of Laduma Madela on Ceza Mountain, Mkhafuleni Khumalo

These tiny piece of the ox meat have to be put under the bride's sleeping mat in order that she might become superior above her husband.

Friends of Laduma Madela on Ceza Mountain, Mkhafuleni Khumalo

The bride in her hut together with the girl who accompanied her to her new home and would stay here permanently to make her feel more homely-After the ceremony

Friends of Laduma Madela on Ceza Mountain, Mkhafuleni Khumalo

A woman drinking in the same way as the man from F3/3. It is extremely unusual that the beer pot is not covered.

Friends of Laduma Madela on Ceza Mountain, Mkhafuleni Khumalo

A man drinks beer out of a calabash with which he had drawn the beer from the ukhamba. He holds a plate under the calabash as a drip-catcher. The beer pot is covered with a beer pot cover, imbenge, to prevent the beer from being poisoned by witch, and against insects.

Friends of Laduma Madela on Ceza Mountain, Mkhafuleni Khumalo

In Mkhafuleni's Great Hut. No more medicines were there. Mkhafuleni had the Zionests and had-at least officially-thrown away his medicines. The large beer vessel(1979/II, F12/II, F12/35 and F12/36) was in another hut. The floor was covered with green grass. There was beer drinking in the hut.

Friends of Laduma Madela on Ceza Mountain, Mkhafuleni Khumalo

The very little ox defeinitivey spread by Mkhafuleni himself  after much spearing without killing. The meat of the ox belongs to the girls of the bride's party who stand around the ox.

Friends of Laduma Madela on Ceza Mountain, Mkhafuleni Khumalo

Mkhafuleni's Great Hut. On the chair in front of it sits Ziphelaphi Mhlongo Madide.

Friends of Laduma Madela on Ceza Mountain, Mkhafuleni Khumalo

Mkhafuleni demonstrates his anti-lightning spear which had been forged by Laduma Madela. Later on Laduma told the author that Mkhafuleni was about to be initiated as a lightning doctor.

Friends of Laduma Madela on Ceza Mountain, Mkhafuleni Khumalo

Mkhafuleni demonstrate the way he fights the lightning: He stands near one of his anti-lightning posts=decayed trees which have crosses (not visible) made with red anti-lightning medicine.

Friends of Laduma Madela on Ceza Mountain, Mkhafuleni Khumalo

Another little daughter of Mkhafuleni carrying a baby.

Friends of Laduma Madela on Ceza Mountain, Mkhafuleni Khumalo

A little daughter of Mkhafuleni in the Great hut behind a large beer vessel, isikhamba. This is 43 cm high and stands within the fireplace. Its opening is covered with a rectangular eating mat, isithebe, and a plaited beer pot cover, umbenge, which is decorated with beads.

Friends of Laduma Madela on Ceza Mountain, Mkhafuleni Khumalo

Twigs from umhlonishwa, skeletons of snakes, a knife, etc. (Cf. Medizinen, pp. 108, 109 with more detailed explainations.)

Friends of Laduma Madela on Ceza Mountain, Mkhafuleni Khumalo

Above the door: to the right two cattle horns. To the left part of a frame for sleeping and sitting mats, with painted ornaments

Friends of Laduma Madela on Ceza Mountain, Mkhafuleni Khumalo

On the wall: a black sheep ram's skin with which Mkhafuleni covers his back when he fights the lightning. On top: a piece of coral and the cuttlebones= "excrements of the moon", for the treatment of eye sicknesses.

Friends of Laduma Madela on Ceza Mountain, Mkhafuleni Khumalo

Parts of bones and parts of wooden medicines. On top; isisefu solwandle= sea's sieve=a piece of coral

Friends of Laduma Madela on Ceza Mountain, Mkhafuleni Khumalo

Hanging down from the roof upon the wall; a twirling-stick for beer, utshwala. ; a necklace from small wooden sticks, iminyezane. On top of the picture of a python's skin. In the centre; a forked piece of wood for churning medicine; a knife, etc.

Friends of Laduma Madela on Ceza Mountain, Mkhafuleni Khumalo

A roof is going to be repaired, Contour farming, according to an order of the South African Government to prevent soil erosin.

Friends of Laduma Madela on Ceza Mountain, Mkhafuleni Khumalo

Mkhafuleni lifts his feather crown ( The garden of the Mhlongo kraal can be seen from Mbabazeni kraal which is immediately below Laduma's kraal

Friends of Laduma Madela on Ceza Mountain, Mkhafuleni Khumalo

Mkhafuleni with his first wife. He wears a great dance crown from the winter-feathers of isakabula, the long tailed widow-bird, Diatrpus progne (Robert, no. 818)KHGG

Friends of Laduma Madela on Ceza Mountain, Mkhafuleni Khumalo

Mkhafuleni with his first wife. He wears a great dance crown from the winter-feathers of isakabula, the long tailed widow-bird, Diatrpus progne (Robert, no. 818)

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