|Enterprise and Exploitation in a Victorian Colony: Aspects of the Economic and Social History of Colonial Natal||
This pioneer economic and social history brings together specialized research in the form of twelve essays dealing with closely intermeshed themes: harbour and railway development, the ecology of Natal, ruthless exploitation of its human and natural resources, and the consequences of Indian immig
|Mercury Article - On the Arrival of Indians in Natal||
Article in the Mercury on 2 November 1860 about the Indian arrival
Indenture family in front of their hut
Sugar cane flourished so much in Natal that the first mill was set up on the Compensation flats in 1850. As sugar became a larger crop in about ...
|Mr H Robinson||
|Indian Xmas on the Umgeni River||
Arrival of the Indian indentured ... The main areas that Indians occupied were beyond the Umgeni River, ...
|Early Indian Settlers||
Early Indian Settlers
|Early Indenture Indian families||
Image of early Indentured Indian Labour in the Colony of Natal
|Workers planting sugar cane||
Sugar cane flourished so much in Natal that the first mill was set up on the ... Indenture is a type of debt servitude, but is different from slavery. ... But it was not all that sweet for the sugar plantation workers once they arrived.
|Natal Sugar Belt||
The Natal Coastal Belt,owing to its peculiar environment and comparative isolation from the remainder of the country, presents ... rise until 1960, and absolute decline only occurred in ... the North coast, twenty-seven sugar mills were in opera-.
The arrival and settlement of Indentured Indians in Natal inevitably paved way for 'free' ... When he attempted to disembark at the Point, together ...
|Indian Immigrants at the Bluff, Durban||
rrival of the first indentured Indians, an event that was to have far-reaching results for the ... labour and would thus be a useful immigrant in the colony where ... brought ashore in small boats and then transferred to the Depot on the. Bluff.
|Old Train Illovo Sugar c. 1905||
In the early 1900s, 2 ft (610 mm) narrow-gauge railway lines started playing a significant role in ... Many defunct locomotives are plinthed at various former railway station sites or work ...
The Indians were sent to work on the sugar cane fields, railways or to work as special servants, ayahs (Nannies) for the White children, waiters or cooks. The Indians lived in atrocious conditions , their wages were low and sometimes they were not paid.
Bamboo basket was symbol of economic freedom. ... were considerable numbers of free Indians in Natal in addition to the indentured. ... The craft of basket weaving using bamboo became popular for some families as these ...
|Interim Report of Commission of Inquiry into matters affecting Indian population of the Province of Natal||
Interim Report of Commission of Inquiry into matters affecting Indian population of the Province of Natal
|Memorandum presented by the Stanger and District Branch||
Re: Natal Indian Judicial Commission.
We enclose herewith copy of Memorandum presented to the Natal Indian Judicial Commission by our Branch of Congress
|Natal Indian Judicial Commission||
Natal Indian Judicial Commission - Memoranda.......
|Statement presented to the Natal Indian Judicial Commission||
Re: Falkirk Dispute.
Herewith copy of the resolution passed by the workers yesterday and copy of my letter to Mr. Fyfe. Both speak for themselves, will you please help to get the matter closed......
|Tongaat and District Branch. Statement presented to the Natal Indian Judicial Commission||
We thank you for the opportunity to place before you this statement from Tongaat and Districts Branch of the Natal Indian Congress....