Transvaal Indian Congress (TIC)
The TIC (Transvaal Indian congress) was first called the TBIA (Transvaal British Indian Association) which was founded in 1903. The organization was later named the TIC when India was no longer under British control. From the 1920s the organization functioned under the umbrella organization, the South African Indian Congress (SAIC). However, in the 1930s -1940s the TIC experienced more radical leadership when Dr. Yusuf Dadoo emerged on
the scene (see SAIC section). Dr. Dadoo was elected to the parties’ leadership in 1946. By the mid-60s the activities of the TIC had declined and by the early 1970s it was virtually non-existent. The organization was revived in 1983 and was prominent in the establishment of the United Democratic Front (UDF).