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Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Ziphelaphi Khumalo performing war dances

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

As F5/34. The men in the row of the dancers shout velabengasho's praises

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Velabengasho Khumalo performing war dances

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

After the dancers gather about 200 people in Laduma's kraal for ceremonial meat. With red hat under the umbrella the Swedish missionary Tora Westerstahl who lived at Ceza Hospital for 30 years and formerly had been the head of the dispensary.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Laduma Madela's youngest sister Khanyisile Qwalina Khumalo, in front of Bafungile' house the door of which is protected against lightning with a cross painted with antilightning medicine. Khanyisile has three sons and three daughters.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Seven Khumalo prepares imibengo from the raw oxmeat. He cuts the meat zigzag.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

As F6/11 Seven Khumalo roasts the imibengo on the glowing twigs beneath the iron cooking pots in which the bulk of the oxmeat is boiled.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Some bones and a horn of the ox on a wooden meat tray, covered with two smaller wooden meat tray

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Children feasting on the ox-bones

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Children feasting on the oxmeat

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Mashingeni Khumalo preparing the cooked bowels of the ox fo eating. On the wooden tray is also white salt which the prepared bowels will be dipped.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Girl and baby feasting on ox bones

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

The skin of the ox slaughtered on 30th March and the skin of a goat pegged in front of Bafungile's house. To the right Ziphelaphi.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Laduma, sitting on Bafungile's bed, scraping goat horns to prepare them as medicine containers. He works them on a wooden head rest, turned upside down. In the foreground a very low table with one of the two armlets Madela is preparing from genet skin.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

In Bafungile's house: Two healing methods combined, "inyamazane" and " chasing awya evat ghost or evil spirit" 1. "Inyamazane"= wild animals (remains) i.e. inhale smoke of small parts of burned animals, especially antelops, put in potsherd. This method is called "ukuhogela", i.e.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Hlomeleni Madela, Laduma's unmarried daughter, takes the chance to expose her little granddaughter to smoke of "wild animals"= inyamazane, to make the baby strong and healthy.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Laduma demonstrate how he prevents the lightning to strke his kraal by means of a lightning-rod partly smeared with anti-lightning medicine. Madela turns slowly to the four quarters of the globe pointing with the rod towards the heaven. He changes the hands in which he holds the rod.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

On the day before the killing of the ox quite a few wooden meat trays were deposited in Bafungile's house. Ziphelaphi serves Susa with beer. The beer pot which is covered stands between them. A beer twirl lies in an enamel basin filled with water. Susa wears a red lourie feather in his hair.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

The ox which is going to be killed by Mashingeni Khumalo with a single stroke of the spear is fastened with a grass rope to a tree. Suasa as the social father of the family is going up and down with his knobstick and praises the ancestors of Madela's to the honour of whom the ox will be killed.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

The ox which is going to be killed by Mashingeni Khumalo with a single stroke of the spear is fastened with a grass rope to a tree. Suasa as the social father of the family is going up and down with his knobstick and praises the ancestors of Madela's to the honour of whom the ox will be killed.

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