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Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

In Bafungile's house: Two healing methods combined, "inyamazane" and " chasing awya evat ghost or evil spirit" 1. "Inyamazane"= wild animals (remains) i.e. inhale smoke of small parts of burned animals, especially antelops, put in potsherd. This method is called "ukuhogela", i.e.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Hlomeleni Madela, Laduma's unmarried daughter, takes the chance to expose her little granddaughter to smoke of "wild animals"= inyamazane, to make the baby strong and healthy.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Laduma demonstrate how he prevents the lightning to strke his kraal by means of a lightning-rod partly smeared with anti-lightning medicine. Madela turns slowly to the four quarters of the globe pointing with the rod towards the heaven. He changes the hands in which he holds the rod.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

On the day before the killing of the ox quite a few wooden meat trays were deposited in Bafungile's house. Ziphelaphi serves Susa with beer. The beer pot which is covered stands between them. A beer twirl lies in an enamel basin filled with water. Susa wears a red lourie feather in his hair.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

The ox which is going to be killed by Mashingeni Khumalo with a single stroke of the spear is fastened with a grass rope to a tree. Suasa as the social father of the family is going up and down with his knobstick and praises the ancestors of Madela's to the honour of whom the ox will be killed.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

The ox which is going to be killed by Mashingeni Khumalo with a single stroke of the spear is fastened with a grass rope to a tree. Suasa as the social father of the family is going up and down with his knobstick and praises the ancestors of Madela's to the honour of whom the ox will be killed.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

While Susa walks up and down Laduma stand still and presents the ancestors' spear.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

As F2/23 but additionally with the head of the ox: While Susa walks up and down Laduma stand still and presents the ancestors' spear.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

The killed ox is cut by the slaughterer Mashingeni Khumalo. Behind his a son of Susa. To the right Laduma's friend, the old Mjijani Nkonkonyane Madide. To the left of Mashingeni is Mbabazeni Madela.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Similar to F2/27. Mashingeni Khumalo with red shirt is looking on and gives advises.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

On the place where the ox had been slaughtered four men drink beer. The beer pot is to the left, the drinking calabash is in an enamel dish. Some intestines and part of the ox' stomach are on one of the meat trays. Susa had to eat ceremonially little pieces from the ox' raw stomach.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

The meat was deposited for one night for the ancestors spirits in Ziphelaphi's beehive hut. (In traditional beehive huts the ancestors' spirits feel well). The meat is placed on green leaves with which the floor is covered.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

On  part of the floor which has not been covered with leaves: an enamel dish wisth entrails, a grass broom, a large earthen pot with medicines, and upon it a grass woven dish of the type isiqabetho .

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

The ox tail and the ancestor spear with which the ox had been killed, in the hut.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Insonyama, the Zulu's favourite meat, and some entrails in the beehive hut.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Ox head, meat and blood vessel.(cf 3/26 and 3/27)

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

The medicine man Mtoleni Nyandeni arrives for the festival.(Other pictures for Nyandeni see folder "Glimpses on Ceza Mountain)

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

The ruin's wall served as a windscreen in which the meat of the ox and samp were cooked for the ceremony. In the background a guest hut and Ziphelaphi's little square house.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Laduma Madela invites the guests by blowing a horn

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Ziphelaphi in festival attire in front of Bafungile's house

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