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Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Seven Khumalo prepares imibengo from the raw oxmeat. He cuts the meat zigzag.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

As F6/11 Seven Khumalo roasts the imibengo on the glowing twigs beneath the iron cooking pots in which the bulk of the oxmeat is boiled.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Some bones and a horn of the ox on a wooden meat tray, covered with two smaller wooden meat tray

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Children feasting on the ox-bones

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Children feasting on the oxmeat

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Mashingeni Khumalo preparing the cooked bowels of the ox fo eating. On the wooden tray is also white salt which the prepared bowels will be dipped.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Girl and baby feasting on ox bones

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

The skin of the ox slaughtered on 30th March and the skin of a goat pegged in front of Bafungile's house. To the right Ziphelaphi.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Laduma, sitting on Bafungile's bed, scraping goat horns to prepare them as medicine containers. He works them on a wooden head rest, turned upside down. In the foreground a very low table with one of the two armlets Madela is preparing from genet skin.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

In Bafungile's house: Two healing methods combined, "inyamazane" and " chasing awya evat ghost or evil spirit" 1. "Inyamazane"= wild animals (remains) i.e. inhale smoke of small parts of burned animals, especially antelops, put in potsherd. This method is called "ukuhogela", i.e.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Hlomeleni Madela, Laduma's unmarried daughter, takes the chance to expose her little granddaughter to smoke of "wild animals"= inyamazane, to make the baby strong and healthy.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Laduma demonstrate how he prevents the lightning to strke his kraal by means of a lightning-rod partly smeared with anti-lightning medicine. Madela turns slowly to the four quarters of the globe pointing with the rod towards the heaven. He changes the hands in which he holds the rod.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

On the day before the killing of the ox quite a few wooden meat trays were deposited in Bafungile's house. Ziphelaphi serves Susa with beer. The beer pot which is covered stands between them. A beer twirl lies in an enamel basin filled with water. Susa wears a red lourie feather in his hair.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

The ox which is going to be killed by Mashingeni Khumalo with a single stroke of the spear is fastened with a grass rope to a tree. Suasa as the social father of the family is going up and down with his knobstick and praises the ancestors of Madela's to the honour of whom the ox will be killed.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

The ox which is going to be killed by Mashingeni Khumalo with a single stroke of the spear is fastened with a grass rope to a tree. Suasa as the social father of the family is going up and down with his knobstick and praises the ancestors of Madela's to the honour of whom the ox will be killed.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

While Susa walks up and down Laduma stand still and presents the ancestors' spear.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

As F2/23 but additionally with the head of the ox: While Susa walks up and down Laduma stand still and presents the ancestors' spear.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

The killed ox is cut by the slaughterer Mashingeni Khumalo. Behind his a son of Susa. To the right Laduma's friend, the old Mjijani Nkonkonyane Madide. To the left of Mashingeni is Mbabazeni Madela.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Similar to F2/27. Mashingeni Khumalo with red shirt is looking on and gives advises.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

On the place where the ox had been slaughtered four men drink beer. The beer pot is to the left, the drinking calabash is in an enamel dish. Some intestines and part of the ox' stomach are on one of the meat trays. Susa had to eat ceremonially little pieces from the ox' raw stomach.

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