KwaZulu-Natal

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Bhaca outfit from Himeville

Outfit worn by senior girl (one who has been courted), Bhaca from Himeville, 1983

Bhaca girls from Highflats

Outfit worn by girl who has permission to be courted by boys, in the Khuze of Highflats 1983

Bhaca girls from Highflats

Outfit worn by girl 'ukumisa' or 'ukungqonga' age-grade. She is 18 years or older and given permission to be courted by boys. She is from the Khuze people of Highflats area. Photographed by Yvonne Winters at Ixopo on 25th February 1983. Model is Sandile Mbanjwa.

Bhaca girls from Highflats

Outfit worn by girl in 'ukumisa' or 'ukungonga' age-grade. She is 18 years or older and given permission to courted by boys. She is from the Khuze people of Highflats area.  Photographed by Yvonne Winters 25 February 1983. Model is Sandile Mbanjwa.

The impact of drought pestilence and Cattle Diseases on the Peasantry of Natal (1896 - 1906)

That the environmental and ecological dimensions of agriculture have not been fully considered in the past has created some problems in attempting to assess their specific role in the period 1896-1906.

Green Gold or Green Deserts Contestations between the choice of poverty or commercial tree planting by Rural Communities in KwaZulu-Natal Timber paper SAPPI MONDI

This paper summarizes the limited conditions of rural poverty which made the communities in KwaZulu-Natal accept commercial tree-growing schemes as a way to confront the cycle of poverty in which they are trapped.

Coffee and arrowroot - the quest for a staple agricultural export in the colonial economy of Natal

The publication of Guest and Sellers book Enterprise and Exploitation in a Victorian Colony in 1985 represents an important milestone in the historiography of Natal in that it is the first collection of essays, focusing on specific social and economic characteristics and phenomena of colonial soc

An Investigation into the Influence of certain Variables Affecting the Accident Rate among the Sugar Mill workers on the Natal North Coast

This study was conducted in five sugar mills which are situated on the Natal North Coast. Data for the research were obtained from accident report forms and some personal information was obtained from the personnel files.

A historical investigation into the garment industry in Natal with specific reference to the garment workers industrial union [Natal]

The history of the Garment Workers Industrial Union indicates that its strategy is one of negotiation and subordination. As paid representatives of the Garment Workers, the union did not and does not wish to attack the autonomous power of the employers.

Industrial relations and the development of trade unions in Natal before 1926

A form of race conscious craft unionism was, as a result, almost inevitable in South Africa, and came to be adopted by other labour elites developing within the society, for example the railway workers.10 Thus, the major labour events of the next one and a half decades may be seen in these terms,

Garment Workers' Industrial Union (Natal) : golden jubilee, 1934-1984

The creation of a garment involves dozens of specialized tailoring skills, many of them unique to and representing the peak of hand craftsmanship.

Studies in indian employment in Natal

IN THE MID-NINETEENTH CENTURY the young Colony of Natal was faced with a shortage of suitable labour. The European settlers were too few to meet the requirements of the colony's development and in any case were unsuited to do much of the necessary work.

Outfit worn by girl who is in age termed "iphambanisa"

Outfit worn by girl in 'iphambanisa' age-set. (girl who has been given permission to court). Bhaca from Himeville, 1983

Outfit worn by girl who is in age termed "ukuhlefulela"

Outfit worn by Khuze girl of the 'Izintombi ezivundile' age-set. (she has reached puberty but may not be courted) Highflats, 1983

Outfit worn by girl who is in age termed "ukuhlefulela"

Outfit worn by girl who is in age group termed "ukuhlefulela" She is aged between 7-15 years and may not be courted by boys. This outfit is worn at family gatherings while at home she will wear a checked prints dress. At school she wear uniform. She is from Khuze of Highflats.

Outfit of girl in age group as "Izintombi ezivundile"

Beadwork worn by a girl who has attained puberty but may not be courted in Khuze of Highflats, 1983

Outfit of girl in age group as "izintombi ezivundile.

Outfit of girl in age known as "izintombi ezivundli". She is between 16 and 18 years old. She does not have permission to be courted by boys and must follow a prescribed behavior pattern towards them. She is from the Khuze of Highflat area. Photographed on field-trip; Y. Winters and R.

Outfit worn by girl in "ukuhlefulela" age set.

Outfit worn by girl in "ukuhlefulela" age-set (girl who has not reached puberty as yet) from Khuze of Highflats 1983

Outfit worn by girl in "ukuhlefulela" age set.

Outfit worn by girl in "ukuhlefulela" age-set (girl who has not reached puberty as yet) from Khuze of Highflats 1983

Outfit for Amajongosi (Junior girls) for dancing from KwaMatakana (Hela-Hela)

Outfit for Amajongosi (junior girl) for dancing from KwaMatakana (Hela-Hela)

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