Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979
Laduma with a magical powerful necklace, iziqu, from the cones of casuarina equisetifolia (casuarinaceae) which the author had bought in 1977 from the Santa Lucia Bay. The pendant is a container, umfece, for snuff-medicine, carved by Laduma Madela from the wood of umthombo. Securinega virose (Euphorbiaceae. Laduma's head band, umqhele, is from the skins of Red Duiker and genet. His neck band, also called umqhele, is from leopard skin. (cf." Medizinen", p. 82). Over shoulder and back Laduma wears a chain of wooden beads he had made himself. In olden times such a chain was a reward for a brave soldier/ regiment.