Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979
Laduma in front of the tree Clerodendrum glabrum (Verbenaceae in his neighbour's Mashingeni Khumal kraal. It is a tree which is said never to be striken by lightning. From its branches the lightning-rods are made. Moreover the twirling-stick and the hearth for fire-making are made from this tree.