Friends of Laduma Madela on Ceza Mountain, Ziphelaphi and Bafungile Madela
Bhidli's granary, Ziphelaphi left and Bafungile Khumalo-Madela, Laduma's wife (right). Bafungile (at that time about 66 years old), wears a neklace from the cones of Casuarina equisetifolia (Casuarinaceae). I had bought them in 1977 from the Santa-Lucia-Bay where this tree, which is not indegenous in South Africa, has been planted to stabilize the sand. The plant is a container for snuff medicine, carved by Laduma from the wood of umthombo. Securinega virosa (Euphobiaceae) a tree standing in Laduma's kraal. Bafungile's bandolier of respect, isihlonipho, is from the bones of a python, iziqu zenhlwathi. It demonstrates that Bafungile is the wife of a great inyanga and was not observed by me at another woman.