An Investigation of musical aptitude among Indian primary school children with special reference to psychological correlates
This is a dissertation on the corral.ates of musical aptitude 11110ng
Indian South African children. It is the first study of its kind ta be
conducted in South A'frica involving a non-Western cultural group as SBJ1Ple.
Aesearchee into aa.,sical talent in Western societies have been carried
out in at least four major areas, r.amely, the nature of 111.1sicallty (to which
problems concerning the measurement of n.asical aptitude are related), the
source of nusical talt=.nt ("heredity or a,vironment?"), the development of
musical:Jty, and the correlates of 11Usical aptitude. Although referenceswill
be made to all four aree.s within the bcdy cf this dissertation, the lastnamed
is the focus of the present rasea..""Ch.
As will be shown later, R1Js:ical talent is not something which is
either possessed or r.ot possassad by any given person. On the cantrmy,
musical aptitude is prssent in everyone to a. greater or lesser extent.
Researeh evidence from Western societies is that the trait is normally
distributed in the population, like intelligence.
Not only has the distribution of l'!IJSical aptitude been f01.11d to follow
the normal distribution curve, but raisical talent has also been found to be
correlated both with carte.in ltl.lsical variables such as pitch discrimination
and rhythmic saisitiv:i.ty and with certain non-wsical variables such as
intelligence end socio-economic status. Further, cutting across this
classificaticn, l'Wsicality has been found to be positively co:n-al.ated with
certain psychological variables such as interest in nusic and certain nonpsychological
variables such as school achievement.
Aloost all the researches into taJsical aptitude in the four fields
mentioned a.bow, have been ca?Tied out overseas in Western cultures mainly
with White, sometimes with Negro subjects. Even in the latter case, the
Black subjects had usually grown up under conditione of exposure m Western