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Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

The meat was deposited for one night for the ancestors spirits in Ziphelaphi's beehive hut. (In traditional beehive huts the ancestors' spirits feel well). The meat is placed on green leaves with which the floor is covered.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

On the place where the ox had been slaughtered four men drink beer. The beer pot is to the left, the drinking calabash is in an enamel dish. Some intestines and part of the ox' stomach are on one of the meat trays. Susa had to eat ceremonially little pieces from the ox' raw stomach.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Similar to F2/27. Mashingeni Khumalo with red shirt is looking on and gives advises.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

The killed ox is cut by the slaughterer Mashingeni Khumalo. Behind his a son of Susa. To the right Laduma's friend, the old Mjijani Nkonkonyane Madide. To the left of Mashingeni is Mbabazeni Madela.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

As F2/23 but additionally with the head of the ox: While Susa walks up and down Laduma stand still and presents the ancestors' spear.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

While Susa walks up and down Laduma stand still and presents the ancestors' spear.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

The ox which is going to be killed by Mashingeni Khumalo with a single stroke of the spear is fastened with a grass rope to a tree. Suasa as the social father of the family is going up and down with his knobstick and praises the ancestors of Madela's to the honour of whom the ox will be killed.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

The ox which is going to be killed by Mashingeni Khumalo with a single stroke of the spear is fastened with a grass rope to a tree. Suasa as the social father of the family is going up and down with his knobstick and praises the ancestors of Madela's to the honour of whom the ox will be killed.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

On the day before the killing of the ox quite a few wooden meat trays were deposited in Bafungile's house. Ziphelaphi serves Susa with beer. The beer pot which is covered stands between them. A beer twirl lies in an enamel basin filled with water. Susa wears a red lourie feather in his hair.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Children, the boy with a long knobstick, in Alexina's sweet potatoe field.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Laduma's wife Bafungile prepares beer for the ceremony/ festival

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Herding of the ox Batomu by small boys just outside Laduma's kraal.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Madela's kraal from behind. From left to right: Bafungile's house with a roof of corrugated iron painted green and red.- A beehive hut owned by Ziphelaphi Mhlongo Madide (Laduma's favourite), Laduma's private hut. The ruin of a hut.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Preparation for the festival: Laduma's daughter Alexina Madela Dlakude brews beer, utshwala. To the right Laduma's wife Bafungile.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

As a suprise for the author Laduma fastned this drawing on brown paper just for one hour at the entrance of his kraal. To the left: The rock of all creatures appeared; to the right the mighty elephant, indlovu yamandla, which opened the rock of all rocks.

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Laduma Madela lights a cigarete with a magnifying glass

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Laduma Madela lights a cigarete with a magnifying glass

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

Nera Laduma's kraal after returning from the Mthethwa kraal. Laduma had had his impressive walking stick with him with the hand of a baboon as a crook(mostly regarded as a hand of a man).

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

The kraal of Mbuyiseleni Mthethwa far away from Laduma Madela's kraal on Ceza Mountain where the ox by the name of Batomu was bought

Visit to Laduma Madela's kraal in March and April 1979

A son of Susa "giyas" with knobkerrie in his left hand and a knobkerrie, a shield and the spear from F17/17 in his right hand.

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