The Contribution of the Indians to the South African Economy 1860 to 1970
In the one hundred and twenty years since 1860, when the first
members of the Indian community arrived in South Africa, the
economy has developed from a poor, agriculturally based system
to a highly sophisticated structure built largely on the mining
and manufacturing sectors. . Despite the close juxtapos itioning
of all races int
~4.M;o,r,..~conomic interdependence has not
the economic well being
in the country.
syste tic attempt h wever to ensure
Population R gistration Act of
bY, the Act and its
s of four race roups , white, native,
Duri ng the course period the -omenclature and categorisation
of the different popu at1on groups have undergone a number
of alterations. In order to be consistent throughout the report
original terms have been used only in direct quotations. For
the rest the terms in current usage, whites, coloureds, blacks
and Indians are used to describe the major groups.
As 99 percent of the Asians are descenrlents of people who originated
in the Indian subcontinent this group has been termed Indian.
This should prevent confusion with the Malays who are classified
a.s coloureds, Japanese who are regarded as whites and the very
small Chinese community who made up less than 1 percent of the
Asian group in 1970.